The world and humans for students and their parents

Human rights

From the book by Andrey Sokolov and Tatiana Sokolova "The world and humans for students and their parents".

Human rights

So vegetarians think that animals have a right to live.

What rights does a person have?

Almost 250 years ago, Thomas Jefferson wrote that "all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness ..."

So, man also has the right to life. What does this mean?

This means that life and health, as part of this life, are inviolable. This means that an attempt on life and health is a crime. This means that a person has the right to protect his life and health. Has the right to self-defense.

He has the right to run away, saving his life and health, and for this he needs freedom of movement, including from country to country. A person has the right to escape not only from hooligans within his city, but also from disasters and war to another country.

This means that a person has the right to look for work, start a business and otherwise earn money for his living and food. After all, if he has nothing to eat, then his right to life will be under threat.

And from this it follows that if society and the authorities recognize the human right to life, then it is necessary by the forces of society or the state to organize assistance to those people who cannot provide themselves with a means of subsistence, for example, food.

In recent years, economists have increasingly suggested using an unconditional basic income to solve this problem, which allows a person not to fear death from hunger.

The right to life most logically follows both the right to receive medical care and the right to access medicines.

The right to life also implies the right of a person to independently and freely dispose of himself, i.e. is not under coercion, let alone in slavery.

The right to life is, if we recall Kant's rules, a person as a goal.

And that is precisely why coercion and slavery contradict the right to life, because in these cases a person is seen as a tool, as a means.

And thus, the right to life implies the human right to freedom. The freedom to think what he wants, the freedom to speak and express his thoughts and ideas, the freedom to criticize, without fear that his life and health may suffer from retaliation. The freedom to choose what to do and how to make a living. The freedom to choose where, how and with whom to live.

Of course, it should always be remembered that the freedom of one person to swing your fist ends just where another human nose begins.

And here we come to the question of equality. Equality of rights of people regardless of their gender, age or nationality. Equality of rights means that children's rights are equal to those of adults, which means that children have the same right to life and freedom as adults. Women have the same rights to life and freedom as men. And men are the same rights as women. People of one race or nationality have the same rights as people of another race or nationality. The same. Equal. No more and no less.

Since ancient times, the law of power has existed in human society. Those. who is stronger is right. Physically stronger. Parents are stronger than children, which means the parents are right. Men are stronger than women, which means men are right. One person is stronger than the other, which means that the one who is stronger is right and has the right to take away freedom, property, health and even life from the weak.

It is obvious that the right of the strong contradicts both human rights and the laws of Kant. After all, what is freedom - freedom is a part of life. If a person is deprived of some freedoms, then he can no longer fully control his life. Choose what he wants, go where he wants, do what he wants.

And if property is taken away from a person, then in the same way they encroach on a part of his life. After all, a person spent part of his life on the creation of this property - time, effort, knowledge, work. And by taking away a part of the property, by this, a person is deprived of that part of his life that he spent on creating property.

The right of strength is convenient for the strong only for the time being, until his strength runs out, until someone who is stronger than him appears. And both will happen without fail.

The rule of equality is universal. It prohibits the strong from breaking the boundaries of the weak. Stops him "waving his arms" near the "tip of the nose" of another person. But the same rule of equality protects the strong, who has lost his strength - has grown old, lost in a fight or competition.

The rule of equality protects weak children from strong parents and weak women from strong men. The rule of equality protects the elderly and the sick. The equality rule protects workers from their superiors. The rule of equality transforms a person from a means into an end, ensuring his right to life.