From the book by Andrey Sokolov and Tatiana Sokolova "The world and humans for students and their parents".
We live in a fairly traditional society and often follow rules set by someone who knows. We follow these rules without analyzing whether they are tolerant or not, moral or immoral, they create good in this world, or evil.
Such rules are called traditions.
Traditions have existed in the world since time immemorial. And each tradition has been applied in society for many generations. But traditions are changing. And some of the traditions that society considered absolutely acceptable and even useful before, now modern society considers a mistake, evil, and even a crime.
It was once a tradition to marry girls off without asking their consent.
Once upon a time, the traditional form of clothing for all women was only skirts and dresses. And pants and jeans were outlawed.
Once upon a time it was considered completely within the framework of traditions to use hit in raising children. Now this is at least condemned, but somewhere it can bring such an active parent to court and prison.
It was once a tradition that only boys attended school.
And if you test these traditions with the laws of Kant, you will notice that these traditions were completely immoral.
But there were other traditions: to greet, give gifts, take care of other people. These traditions are quite consistent with the first law of Kant. They make the world a better place by increasing the amount of goodness in it.
Every family, every society, every country has its own traditions. Sometimes successful, creating good, sometimes cruel, creating evil.
The problem with traditions is that they are very difficult to capture, objectively analyze and identify their merits or demerits. The fact is that, despite the fact that we are surrounded on all sides by various traditions, we do not notice them. They are almost as familiar to us as walking or using a fork. We just don’t think about why we are doing this and not otherwise. It's a tradition.
Traditions become a habit in our life long before we begin to analyze anything.
For example, the tradition “boys don't cry” or “boys don't wear pink”. And, actually, why? What happens if a boy cries when he is sad or bitter? What happens if a boy wears pink clothes? How will this change the world? Add goodness? Will increase the amount of evil? Will it be neutral?
Or a tradition that you need to go to school? Are there no other ways to gain knowledge? After all, you can study on your own, you can go to circles, you can meet with teachers on the Internet, at home or somewhere else.
Or the tradition of “obeying your elders”. And alcoholics and bandits and drug addicts? Fathers who beat their wives? Teachers who humiliate students?
The price people pay for keeping traditions is poverty, stupidity and slavery.
Tradition is an appeal to the authority of the crowd.
Tradition is murder as entertainment - gladiatorial fights, bullfighting and public executions.
Tradition is a disfigured life - female circumcision and parental choice of a partner.
Tradition is the upbringing of slaves, soldiers and cogs - visiting kindergarten and school, upbringing by other people's aunts and uncles. And who else can be raised if everyone is brought up according to the same template, according to the "one size fits all." Is this upbringing good? Take a look around. 99% of people have undergone a unified upbringing in kindergarten and school. Are you happy with the way they were brought up? Do you like the good manners of 99% of the people around you?
Tradition is a cross on the self-realization of a woman, since tradition is to get married.
Tradition is a ban on one's own opinion, because “mom is sacred”, “parents know best”, “obey your elders”, “do, don't think”.
Tradition is totalitarianism and authoritarianism - a solemn school line that originated in the totalitarian USSR and has not yet been canceled in the post-Soviet space.
Tradition is helplessness and infantilism - belief in a good king and in "if not he, then who."
Tradition is cruelty, atrocities and a ban on knowledge and doubt - the fires of the Inquisition, religious dogmas and "sacred" historical myths.
Tradition is cowardice and admiration for force and violence - it is an attitude towards a victim who is “to blame herself”, when “there is no smoke without fire”.
Traditions are bullying and humiliation - corporal punishment, slavery, "a woman's place in the kitchen", racism, chauvinism.
Traditions are poverty, lies and deceit - taxes and mythical "concern of the state".
Tradition means to go to the war, like cows to the slaughterhouse - to fulfill the "duty to the motherland", which "gave everything."
Tradition is stupidity - it is a look in the back of the head and adherence to formation, "orderly rows", it is fear and inability to look at reality from under the bandage of traditions.
Following tradition is a refusal to think with your own head, it is like a sheep that goes where they are driven without hesitation - to pasture, to shearing or to slaughter.
A free person is able to think with his own head, and not with the ugly traditional backside of the crowd.
And if we go back to the laws of Kant, then tradition is an external rule. The rule is imposed. The rule that needs to be identified, analyzed and voluntarily decided - to accept or not to accept. And if a tradition corresponds to the first law of Kant, if you decide to voluntarily accept it, then it actually ceases to be a tradition, but simply becomes your personal rule that you have chosen for yourself.